A colorful Puthandu welcome to Sinhala and Tamil New Year in Sri Lanka. Tamil kamasutra pdf books free download this day, Tamil people greet each other by saying “Puttāṇṭu vāḻttukkaḷ! The day is observed as a family time. People wear new clothes and youngster go to elders to pay respects and seek their blessings, then the family sits down to a vegetarian feast.
A traditional arrangement of festive foods for Puthandu. 14 April of the Gregorian year. Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. South and Southeast Asia in the 1st millennium CE. There are several references in early Tamil literature to the April new year. Chitterai through 11 successive signs of the zodiac.
The Tolkaapiyam is the oldest surviving Tamil grammar that divides the year into six seasons where Chitterai marks the start of the Ilavenil season or summer. Hindu solar calendar as we know it today. Adiyarkunalaar, an early medieval commentator or Urai-asiriyar mentions the twelve months of the Tamil calendar with particular reference to Chitterai. There were subsequent inscriptional references in Pagan, Burma dated to the 11th century CE and in Sukhothai, Thailand dated to the 14th century CE to South Indian, often Vaishnavite, courtiers who were tasked with defining the traditional calendar that began in mid-April. Tamil people celebrate Puthandu, also called Puthuvarusham, as the traditional New Year. This is the month of Chittirai, the first month of the Tamil solar calendar, and Puthandu typically falls on 14 April.
According to the Tamil tradition, this festive tray is auspicious as the first sight upon waking on the new year day. A huge exhibition is held, called Chitterai Porutkaatchi. Tamil Hindus decorate their homes with various auspicious colorful geometric designs from rice powder called Kolam. April with the first financial transaction known as the ‘Kai-vishesham’ where youngsters go to elders paying their respect, and elders giving their blessings and gifting pocket money to them.
The event is also observed with the ‘arpudu’ or the first ploughing of the ground to prepare for the new agricultural cycle. The game of ‘por-thenkai’ or coconut wars between youth is played in villages through the Tamil north and east of the island while cart races are also held. The festive Puthandu season in April is a time for family visits and the renewal of filial bonds. It coincides with the Sinhalese new year season. Later in the day, families enjoy a feast.
It is made from sweet jaggery, astringent mustard, sour raw mango, bitter neem, and red chilies. These complex dish is ritually tasted by Tamils, as similar multi-flavors are by Hindus elsewhere on the new year. Such traditional festive recipes, that combine different flavors, are a symbolic reminder that one must expect all flavors of experiences in the coming new year, that no event or episode is wholly sweet or bitter, experiences are transitory and ephemeral, and to make the most from them. Sikhs, Malayalees and Bengalis to celebrate the traditional new year in mid-April with leaders across the political spectrum wishing the ethnic Indian community for the new year. Special religious events are held in Hindu temples, in Tamil community centers and Gurdwaras. Cultural programs and media events also take place.
Its a day of celebration for the Indian community. DMK assembly members and its Tamil Nadu Government on 29 January 2008. This law of the DMK majority-led government was subsequently rescinded by a separate act of legislation in the Tamil Nadu Assembly with an AIADMK majority-led government on 23 August 2011. Many in Tamil Nadu ignored the government legislation that rescheduled the festival date, and continued the celebration of their traditional Puthandu new year festival in mid-April.
The Governor and Chief Minister of the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry, which has an ethnic Tamil majority, felicitated the public for the Tamil new year in April 2010. The legislative reach to change the traditional religious new year by the DMK government was questioned by Hindu priests. The law was met with resistance by Tamils in the state and elsewhere. It was also challenged in court. Tamil Nadu subsequently condemned the decision of the DMK Government in that state and urged their supporters to continue celebrating the traditional date in mid-April. Tamils in Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia and Canada continued to observe the new year in mid-April. The leader of the AIADMK, Jayalalitha refused to recognize the repackaged festival, and felicitated the Tamil people for the traditional Tamil New Year.
The MDMK leader Vaiko, followed suit. The controversy between the two dates subsided and the official celebrations during the traditional new year in April revived. The Puthandu new year day is celebrated elsewhere but called by other names. Hindus and Sikhs in north and central India, which too marks the solar new year. However, this is not the universal new year for all Hindus.