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The 11-man commission issues directives relating to the PLA, including senior appointments, troop deployments and arms spending. Almost all the members are senior generals, but the most important posts have always been held by the party’s most senior leaders to ensure absolute loyalty of the armed forces and to ensure the survival of the regime. CMC has control over 6. As a commission, it ranks higher in the party hierarchy than departments such as the Organization or United Front Departments. Japanese war, and it later evolved into the Central Military Commission after the Party’s 7th Congress in 1945. Party CMC became the sole military overseeing body, and the National Defence Council was abolished in 1975. Contrarily to the National Defense Commission, however, the Party and state CMCs are almost identical in leadership, composition, and powers.
The Commission included the post of secretary-general until 1992. 15 new departments were created as part of the ongoing modernization of the PLA. Unlike in most countries, the Central Military Commission is not considered as just another ministry. Minister of National Defense, it exists solely for liaison with foreign militaries and does not have command authority. Vice Chairmen, sometimes, but not currently, including the Minister of National Defense. Members of the CMC normally includes the Directors of the PLA’s Four Department and the Commander of the Ground Force, Air Force, Navy, and Rocket Force. The armed forces of China also have Joint Staff Department, the Political Work Department, the Logistics Support Department and the Equipment Development Department , which implements the directives of the Central Military Commission.
The Chairman of the CMC was twice in its history held by a senior official who had given up his other posts: by Deng in the late 1980s, and by Jiang in the early 2000s. In the case of Deng Xiaoping, because of his prestige, he was able to exercise considerable power after his retirement, in part due to his holding the position of CMC Chairman. General Secretary and President, but ultimately Jiang was unable to do so. Jiang had no military background. In addition, with the promotion of the fourth generation of Chinese leaders to lead the civilian party, there was also a corresponding promotion of military leaders.