Reading and writing” redirects here. World illiteracy halved between 1970 and 2015 . A person who travels and resides in a foreign country but is unable to read or elementary statistics picturing the world pdf in the language of the host country would also be regarded by the locals as being illiterate. The inability to do so is called illiteracy or analphabetism.
Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to develop their knowledge and potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society”. During this era, literacy was “a largely functional matter, propelled by the need to manage the new quantities of information and the new type of governance created by trade and large scale production”. Writing systems in Mesopotamia first emerged from a recording system in which people used impressed token markings to manage trade and agricultural production. 3300-3100 BCE and depicted royal iconography that emphasized power amongst other elites.
These systematic notations were found inscribed on bones and recorded sacrifices made, tributes received, and animals hunted, which were activities of the elite. Another significant discovery was made in 1953 when three arrowheads were uncovered, each containing identical Canaanite inscriptions from twelfth century BCE. Moreover, he asserts, “These inscriptions also provided clues to extend the decipherment of earlier and later alphabetic texts”. The consonantal system of the Canaanite script inspired alphabetical developments in subsequent systems. According to Goody, these cuneiform scripts may have influenced the development of the Greek alphabet several centuries later.