A spinal disc herniation demonstrated via MRI. This tear in the disc ring may result in the release of chemicals causing inflammation, which may directly cause severe pain even in the absence of nerve root compression. In contrast to a herniation, none of the brs physiology cases and problems pdf portion escapes beyond the outer layers. Most minor herniations heal within several weeks.
Anti-inflammatory treatments for pain associated with disc herniation, protrusion, bulge, or disc tear are generally effective. Severe herniations may not heal of their own accord and may require surgery. Symptoms of a herniated disc can vary depending on the location of the herniation and the types of soft tissue that become involved. Often, herniated discs are not diagnosed immediately, as the patients come with undefined pains in the thighs, knees, or feet. Unlike a pulsating pain or pain that comes and goes, which can be caused by muscle spasm, pain from a herniated disc is usually continuous or at least is continuous in a specific position of the body. It is possible to have a herniated disc without any pain or noticeable symptoms, depending on its location.
If the extruded nucleus pulposus material doesn’t press on soft tissues or nerves, it may not cause any symptoms. A prolapsed disc in the lumbar spine can cause radiating nerve pain. This type of pain is usually felt in the lower extremities or groin area. Radiating nerve pain caused by a prolapsed disc can also cause bowel and bladder incontinence.